What is a KWHLAQ Chart?
KWHLAQ asks the following questions:
- K – What students already KNOW about a topic?
- W – WHAT students want to learn or find out?
- H – HOW they will research or find the information they want to learn?
- L – What students have LEARNED about the topic after taking action?
- A – How will students APPLY the knowledge they’ve learned?
- Q – What QUESTIONS they still have or have thought of as a result of the learning exercise?
Why Do a KWHLAQ Chart?
The KWHLAQ chart is a simple but effective instructional technique which puts the student at the center of inquiry-based learning. In addition to the benefits of the basic KWL Chart, the extended version:
- Provides teachers with valuable information as to what students already know about a given topic (diagnostic assessment).
- Builds collective learning by helping students to learn from each other (peer-to-peer learning).
- Enables teachers to create more enjoyable lesson plans that address the interests, questions, and needs of the students
- Creates interest and curiosity and encourages students to expand their ideas beyond the lesson or training provided in the classroom environment.
- Facilitates a more authentic experience by asking them how they will apply their knowledge.
Who Should Use a KWHLAQ Chart?
A KWHLAQ chart is useful for both group and independent learning and formative assessment. Teachers and trainers can use this technique to create customized, student-centric lesson plans while still linking to a curriculum or organizational learning goals. Independent researchers can use the model to organize their ideas and keep track of their progress.
Because the KWHLAQ methodology presents information as a sequence of scaffolded steps, it is especially useful for visual, young, and ESL learners.
KWHLAQ Chart Template
What I KNOW
What I WANT to know
Reinforce that knowledge gaps are not a deficiency but an opportunity to grow. Complete before planning and delivery of the lesson.
HOW will I find out
What I LEARNED
How I will APPLY this knowledge
QUESTIONS I still have
Complete after delivery of the lesson.
How to Use a KWHLAQ Chart
Define the topic of the KWHLAQ chart.
Write down everything you know and want to know about the topic, and how you can learn.
Review results, discuss and prioritize.
Students do the research, or the lesson is delivered.
Write down everything you learned about the topic, how you will apply this knowledge, and any questions that remain.
Review and reflect on the results, discuss.
Set the topic for the KWHLAQ exercise and define the objective and the scope. Discuss how the students will benefit from learning about the topic and why it’s important. Introduce information, concepts, and questions/prompts that could help students with the brainstorming process.
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